Why waste-to-fuel?

There is an urgent need for investment in the development and generation of alternative fuels that are renewable, affordable and carbon efficient.

  • Congested traffic powered by traditional fuels has led to life-threatening air quality in many of the world’s developing regions.
  • The global population has now topped 7 billion and according to the UN, is set to grow to 9 billion by 2040, with the number of middle-class consumers rising by 3 billion.
  • Consumer demand for energy and fuel will undoubtedly increase exponentially – the UN predicts a 45% increase by 2040 – and the provision of practical alternatives is critical.

 

why-waste-to-fuel-chart

Alternative fuel sources

Electric vehicles use electricity that may well not be generated from a renewable source, and in addition, their manufacture itself is carbon intensive.

Biofuels are widely seen as the answer to the world’s growing demand for energy, but they are often very costly or come with huge trade offs.

Growing corn and sugar cane for biofuel such as ethanol can involve clearing large tracts of native forest or utilising agricultural land that would otherwise be used to grow crops for food.

There are concerns that some agrofuel production is therefore not only harmful to the environment, but may result in food shortages around the world, and higher prices for essential grains such as wheat and corn. Set against UN estimates that by 2030, the world will need at least 50% more food and 30% more water, these concerns appear warranted.

The case for biomethane

The production and transportation of biofuel derived from organic waste has no adverse impact on the environment nor does it contribute to food or water shortages around the world.

Key benefits of biomethane:

  • Biomethane is one of the few renewable options for fuelling heavy goods vehicles (HGVs)
  • Anaerobic digestion (AD) is a constant 24/7 process, unlike other renewables such as solar and wind, which are dependent on climatic conditions
  • Since AD generates a gas, it can be stored, unlike electricity
  • Food waste from landfill sites can be diverted and its energy captured efficiently
  • Anaerobic digestate is a by-product of the AD process, and is a nutrient-rich organic fertiliser produced without the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions that are released during the production of inorganic fertilisers
  • AD produces fewer air and solid emissions than incineration, landfill, pyrolysis or gasification
  • At just 11g of CO2 per kWh (compared with an average of 500g of CO2 for energy from incineration), AD is clearly a low carbon energy source.

 

Adverse impact of organic waste in landfill sites

Organic waste is widely and plentifully available. Reducing the amount that is disposed of to landfill has a positive impact on both the environment and society:

  • Decaying organic waste produces methane, a greenhouse gas many times more potent than carbon dioxide, which can itself be a danger to those living in the vicinity of landfill sites
  • Methane gases are flammable and explosive if exposed to heat
  • Organic waste in landfill nourishes disease vectors such as rats and flies, particularly in improperly operated landfills which are commonly found in developing countries
  • Pollution of the local environment through poisonous leachate leaking from the landfill to contaminate nearby soil, groundwater and aquifers.

Share via Email

Your email
Friend's email
Message

Find out more

Biomethane

Organic Fertiliser

Carbon Dioxide

Our process will provide a reliable and affordable alternative transport fuel that will improve air quality and the urban environment in South East Asia.

– Gazasia CEO, Richard Lilleystone